Heart attack is a big scare for aging adults and we all want to keep a healthy heart! Therefore, it is important that you know what you can do for heart attack prevention in your loved ones. Find out below in detail..

The CVDs are emerging as the biggest killers in Indian subcontinent, but the good thing is that they are lifestyle diseases. Therefore managing your lifestyle and making positive changes will help you reduce your risk of getting  a heart attack or a stroke. Not only that, the same lifestyle interventions also are protective for the full spectrum of insulin resistance diseases including diabetes

But, even if you practice heart healthy lifestyle, you still need to monitor your health with routine health check up. It helps in deciding when to seek medical help to manage the risk factors for CVD

Heart attack prevention: how to avoid or manage CVD/ ischemic heart disease

Find below a list of all things you need to do to manage your heart risk factors or your heart disease (if you already have it) in best possible way

1. Manage your lifestyle well

The principles of managing your lifestyle for heart health and diabetes/prediabetes, are fortunately the same, namely:

  • Keep your weight in healthy range or lose some weight if you are overweight (even 5-7% weight loss helps)
  • Eat a healthy diet, which helps in keeping the intake of bad fats, bad carbs and overall calories under control and allows a calorie restriction for weight loss

  Check out: ‘Ideal diet for people with health risks

  • Do adequate exercise

  Check out: ‘How to begin and build up exercise

  • Keep an active lifestyle/avoid sedentary behaviour

  Check out: ‘Physical activity beyond exercise

  • Smoking and heart disease

  It is one of the most effective and important steps for heart health, but it’s difficult. Studies have shown that making an optimum plan to quit smoking is very important for success. The first step should be to assess whether your are likely to benefit from abstinence therapy (medication) in your effort to quit. Take a questionnaire based assessment to find out http://ww2.health.wa.gov.au/~/media/Files/Corporate/general documents/Tobacco/PDF/Fagerstrom_test.ashx

  • Alcohol and heart disease

  You  might have heard that red wine is good for heart. WEll, do not think of red wine as something you should start having for heart health! Experts suggest that for avoiding heart disease or its complications, one should keep the drinking in the low risk range (Is your drinking low risk) or not drink at all!

  • Managing your emotional well being

 Stress has been shown to increase chances of heart disease and heart attack. But, people’s body and mind react differently to same levels of stress, so it is important to assess your own level of emotional health.  Take the GAD and PHQ questionnaires, which have two questions each and help you decide whether you should seek any help

2. Monitoring your health parameters regularly

Health check up should cover all assessments and tests which help in getting well rounded information about our lifestyle related risks and thus help us in making informed choices.

Often, the health check-ups are incomplete; they cover the laboratory tests ( mostly, more tests than needed) but miss out on important assessments such as blood pressure, BMI, waist circumference, bone health  etc.  which are very important considerations in lifestyle risk management

FoodWise health check-up schedules cover ALL these parameters and are available for different groups of people, check out: FWI health check-up 

In addition, getting a structured heart risk assessment done will help tremendously in figuring out how aggressive you need to be in modifying your lifestyle and whether any drugs are needed

3.Getting medical help: drugs and interventions according to your risk and/or disease factors

People whose health risk factors get detected in routine check ups are sometimes loathe to seek medical help. But, research shows that EARLY aggressive control of risk factors can help you delay or prevent heart disease or their complications. Therefore, you must seek medical help, if your test results are abnormal

You can use the FHI health check analysis tool to find out how urgently (or not) you need t see your doctor; you have to just get the checklist, get the tests done and come back and submit the report and our tool will give you immediate feedback on your risk level

To know about target levels of individual risk factors for heart disease, such as blood pressure, cholesterol etc., go to ‘Target levels for heart risk management

CHECK OUT: Our references for recommendation in heart risk management